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      涉及while的四個高頻考點
      文章作者:曾翠娥    文章來源:高考英語網    點擊數:   更新時間:2013-06-01
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      涉及while的四個高頻考點

       

      ■湖南  曾翠娥

       

      連詞while是高考一個命題的熱點(每年必考),你知道其考點主要涉及哪些方面嗎?

      一、考查表示時間的用法,其意為“當……的時候”。如:

      We must strike while the iron is hot. 我們要趁熱打鐵。

      Stand still while I take your photograph. 我給你拍照時站著不要動。

      Have we got enough books to read while we are on holiday? 假期里我們有足夠的書看嗎?

      Were there any calls for me while I was out? 我出去的時候,有人來過電話嗎?

      She hates anyone listening while she is telephoning. 她打電話時不愿讓任何人聽。

      二、考查表示讓步的用法,其意為“盡管”“雖然”。如:

      While the work was difficult, it was interesting. 雖然工作有難度,但很有趣。

      While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you. 雖然我理解你的意思,但我還是不同意。

      三、考查表示對比的用法,其意為“而”“但”。如:

      Some people waste food while others haven’t enough. 一些人糟踏食物而另一些人卻食不果腹。

      I went swimming while the others played tennis. 我去游泳,其余的人則去打網球了。

      Prices are rising sharply, while incomes are lagging far behind. 物價飛漲而收入卻遠遠落后。

      注:這樣用時,while引出的句子通常位于末,但有時也可位于句首。如:

      While most children learn to read easily, some need extra help. 大多數兒童學會閱讀很容易,有一些兒童卻需要特別幫助。

      While Deauville is a holiday resort, Trouville is more of a working town. 特維爾是個度假勝地,而特魯維爾更多的卻是個工業城市。

      四、考查其省略用法,即主句與從句主語相同,且從句謂語動詞含有動詞be時,通?墒÷詮木渲髡Z和動詞be。如:

      While (he was) in prison, she wrote her first novel. 她在獄中寫出了第一部小說。

      He had strayed from home while still a boy. 他小時候就離開家到處流浪了。

      He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework. 他做著做著功課就睡著了。

      I was only listening to the radio with half an ear, while (I was) preparing some food. 我正在做吃的東西,沒太留心聽收音機。

      【邊講邊練】

      01. She just sits there reading her story book, _________ I do all the work.

      A. until                     B. while                    B. because                 D. though

      02. Their economy has expanded enormously, _________ ours, by contrast, has declined.

      A. while                   B. unless                   B. in case                  D. which

      03. Could you watch my bags for me, _________ I go to the toilet?

      A. though                 B. unless                   B. what                     D. while

      04. The professor is typing his own letters _________ his secretary is ill.

      A. what                    B. which                   B. if                         D. while

      05. She said she was going to the shops and sked me whether I wanted anything _________ she was out.

      A. though                 B. while                    B. which                   D. before

      06. Tea is the most popular drink, _________coffee comes second.

      A. since                    B. until                     B. what                     D. while

      07. Schools in the north tend to be better equipped, _________ those in the south are relatively poor.

      A. since                    B. before                  B. while                    D. because

      08. It is no accident that men fill most of the top jobs in nursing, _________ women remain on the lower grades.

      A. after                     B. since                    B. while                    D. which

      09. _________ trying to open the can, I cut my hand.

      A. Though                B. Because                B. For                      D. While

      10. Some people prefer a vegetarian diet, _________ others prefer a meat-based diet.

      A. though                 B. while                    B. which                   D. for

      11. He didn’t ask me in; he kept me standing at the door _________ he read the message.

      A. while                   B. before                  B. after                     D. which

      12. Now’s the time to buy a car, _________ the interest rates are low.

      A. but                       B. which                   B. while                    D. until

      13. The couple took good care of the baby _________ occupied by their work.

      A. while                   B. after                     B. which                   D. since

      14. How did you spend your time _________ you were on holiday?(www.lovestoryofgod.com)

      A. although               B. while                    B. which                   D. since

      15. Because Jane had once had a bad accident _________ driving, she was afraid to try it again.

      A. though                 B. unless                   B. for                       D. while

      【參考答案】01—05 BADDB  06—10 DCCDB 11—15 ACABD

       

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