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      2014高考英語閱讀理解訓練-有詳解(06)
      文章作者:admin    文章來源:高考英語網    點擊數:   更新時間:2014-01-06
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      2014高考英語閱讀理解訓練-有詳解(06)

       

      Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them. Our purpose is to fit them for life.

      In some modern countries it has for some time been fashionable(時興的) to think that by free education for all—whether rich or poor, clever or stupid—one can solve all the problems of society and build a perfect nation. But we can already see that free education for all is not enough; we find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degrees, they refused to do what they think “low” work, and, in fact, work with hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries. But we have only to think a moment to understand that the work of a completely uneducated farmer is far more important than that of a professor, we can live without education, but we die if we have no food. If no one cleaned our streets and took the rubbish away from our houses, we should get terrible diseases in our towns…

      In fact, when we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life, it means that we must be educated in such a way that, firstly, each of us can do whatever work suited to his brains and ability and, secondly, that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society, and that it is very bad to be ashamed of one’s work. Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society.

      1. The writer of this passage thinks that ________.

      A. education can settle all of the world’s problems

      B. free education for all probably leads to a perfect world

      C. free education won’t help to solve social problems

      D. all the social problems can’t be solved by education

      2. The writer wants to prove that ________.

      A. our society needs all kinds of jobs

      B. our society needs free education for all

      C. a farmer is more important than a professor

      D. people with university degrees refuse to do what they think “low” work

      3. according to the passage, _______.

      A. work with hands is dirty and shameful

      B. work with hands is low work

      C. work with hands is the most important

      D. we can’t regard work with hands as low work

      4. The purpose of education is ________.

      A. to choose a system of education

      B. to prepare children mainly for their future work

      C. to let everyone receive education fit for him

      D. to build a perfect world (www.lovestoryofgod.com)

      5. The passage tells us about _______ of education.

      A. the means                                      B. the system

      C. the value                                       D. the type

      【答案與解析】本文論述了教育不是終點,但是通向終點的一個方法,教育的目的是為了使人們適應生活。

      1. D。概括題。通過閱讀全文可知教育并不能解決所有的問題,故答案為 D。

      2. A。推理判斷題。由that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society, and that it is very bad to be ashamed of one’s work(所有的職業都是社會所必須的,而不應該歧視任何一個人的工作),故可推出此題答案為A。

      3. D。推理判斷題。從 we can live without education, but we die if we have no food(沒有受教育,我們還有生命,但若沒有食物,我們就不可能生活),意指我們不應該歧視那些體力活,故答案選D。

      4. B。事實細節題。文中第1段最后一句Our purpose is to fit them for life(教育的目的是為了使他們適應以后的生活和工作)可知答案為B。

      5. C。主旨大意題。本文主要講教育的目的是為了使人更好的適應生活,即指教育對社會的價值問題,從 Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society 可推知答案選C。

       

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